In daily life , additives are everywhere. For the food industry , food additives are known as the soul of the modern food industry. From the moment we finish washing up in the morning, the "color" we see, the "scent" we smell, and the "flavor" we taste, connect us with food additives. Taking the most commonly used soy sauce as an example, it contains more than 2 kinds of food additives, and there are at least 15 kinds of additives in a ham sandwich . So, what are real food additives? What do we eat in our mouths?
What are food additives
According to the " Food Safety Law " and "National Food Safety Standard for the Use of Food Additives " (GB 2760), food additives are defined as "in order to improve food quality and color, aroma, taste, as well as for the needs of antiseptic, fresh-keeping and processing technology. Synthetic or natural substances added to food. Nutritional fortifiers, food flavors, basic substances in gum-based candies, and processing aids for the food industry are also included.” Up to now, the number of food additives allowed in our country has reached 2,000 There are many kinds, divided into two categories: natural and synthetic, commonly used are preservatives, sweeteners, antioxidants, thickeners, colorants, leavening agents, stabilizers and coagulants, etc. .
Some consumers "talk about adding color", to a large extent, confuse food additives with illegal additives. All substances that are not in the list of "National Food Safety Standards for the Use of Food Additives" are not food additives, such as melamine, Sudan red , Clenbuterol, hanging white pieces, etc., these are all illegal additives. Walking into the supermarket, many packages on the food shelf are marked with words such as "zero additive" and "no additive", which are more likely to mislead consumers about food additives. For example, yogurt with added thickeners is clearly marked "no additive". Even soymilk, Pu-erh tea, and liquor that should not have food additives in the first place also claim to be "no added". After understanding food additives correctly, we don't need to "talk about adding color changes".
Rational use of food additives
Food additives themselves have "good genes". The emergence of preservatives enables long-distance transportation of food that was difficult to preserve in the past, and even delicious food from all over the world can be tasted without leaving home. It tastes better when consumed. For example, sodium bicarbonate is used in some candies, chocolates and breads, which can promote the production of carbon dioxide in the sugar body, so as to play a role in bulking; thickeners such as gelatin, pectin and agar are used in yogurt to improve the Taste, preservatives such as dehydroacetic acid are added to cakes. In order to meet the requirements of production technology, taste and ease of preservation, these food additives are used in accordance with the "National Food Safety Standard for the Use of Food Additives", which is more conducive to people's consumption of food.
The "National Food Safety Standard - Standard for the Use of Food Additives" stipulates that the use of food additives should meet the following basic requirements:
1. It should not cause any health hazard to the human body;
2. Food spoilage should not be covered up;
3. It should not cover up the quality defects of the food itself or in the process of processing or use food additives for the purpose of adulteration, adulteration and forgery;
4. The nutritional value of the food itself should not be reduced;
5. On the premise of achieving the expected effect, reduce the use amount in food as much as possible.
Are food additives safe?
From the perspective of the role and function of food additives, food additives are indispensable in life. So are food additives safe or not?
When it comes to safety, it cannot be separated from the amount of use. In layman's terms, it is "dosage determines toxicity". The safety of food additives mainly depends on how much is used and how much is eaten. Reasonable use, the use of food additives is safe. For example, the types of food additives used are allowed to be used in our country; the use of food additives is within the specified scope of use and does not exceed the scope; the amount of food additives used does not exceed the maximum allowable limit, or not exceed its maximum residue level, etc. In fact, the country has a strict management system for the use of food additives. As long as the manufacturers use them in strict accordance with the requirements of our national standards, and do not exceed the scope or excess, the resulting food will not cause harm to our bodies.
People take food as their priority. In order for consumers to eat happily and healthily, my country has become more and more strict in the control of food additives. Under the multi-faceted market supervision, it is more difficult for food with real problems to enter the market. Consumers do not need to worry about food additives when purchasing products with inspection marks through formal channels.
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