The editor is a person who does not like spicy food. Whenever I am hungry, I want to eat spicy food such as hot pot and barbecue. Chili not only tastes good and tastes good, but also feels a lot more comfortable after eating. I don't know if you have heard of chili oleoresin? Let me introduce it to you here.
Oleoresin Paprika is a liquid or oil pigment additive that adds a deep red color to foods. It is a natural food coloring made from the coloring, liquid or fat extracted from chili peppers. As a common food colorant, it is often used in the production of sausages, condiments and snack foods.
Capsicum oleoresin is also known as capsicum extract, capsicum oil, capsicum essential oil. It is a mixture of many substances, mainly composed of capsaicinoid substances and spicy substances. Its representatives are capsanthin, capsanthin, capsanthin, zeaxanthin, violaxanthin, capsanthin diacetate, capsanthin palmitate, etc.; spicy substances include capsaicin , capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin, nordihydrocapsaicin, etc.
Chemical composition of pepper oleoresin
Capsicum oleoresin is a mixture, including capsicum oleoresin and capsicum red oleoresin, capsicum essential oil resin is the spicy taste of capsicum oleoresin, capsicum red oleoresin is not spicy and is blood red.
Pure capsanthin can be obtained by precipitating shiny needle-like crystals from petroleum ether, with a melting point of 181-182 °C. The maximum absorption light wave is 483nm, and the optical rotation [α]cd+36º (in chloroform). Soluble in acetone and chloroform; easily soluble in methanol, ethanol, ether, benzene; slightly soluble in petroleum ether and carbon disulfide; insoluble in water and glycerol but soluble in most non-volatile oils. Heat resistance, acid and alkali. In case of Fe3+, Cu2+, Co2+, etc., it can make it fade; in case of Pb3+, it will form a precipitate.
For example, as a crude product, it often contains about 50% capsanthin, about 8.3% capsaicin, about 14% zeaxanthin, about 13.9% beta-carotene, about 5.5% cryptocapsaicin, and so on. Its Scoville Heat units range from 100,000 to 2,000,000. Residual solvent≤0.003%, heavy metal (calculated as Pb)≤0.002%. Partially soluble in ethanol, but soluble in most non-volatile oils (or edible oils).
Substance use of chili oil
1. It can be used as seasoning, coloring, flavoring agent and fitness aid in the food industry. It can also be used as a raw material for other compounds or single preparations. At present, the pepper extract is also processed into water-dispersible preparations on the market to expand the application.
2. The most common unique use is to add to poultry feed to make egg yolks produce a deeper yellow than natural color. Since it is a coloring derived from natural food, it does not require FDA certification in the United States. It is also treated loosely in the EU, where it is grouped with similar colorants such as capsanthin and capsanthin.
The difference between chili oleoresin and chili red
Capsicum oleoresin: Also known as capsicum extract, capsicum oil, capsicum essential oil. It is a mixture of many substances, mainly composed of capsaicinoid substances and spicy substances. .
Capsanthin: alias capsanthin, is a tetraterpenoid orange-red pigment that exists in the fruit of ripe red peppers, and is a carotenoid pigment. Among them, the more polar red components are capsanthin and capsanthin, accounting for 50% to 60% of the total, and the other is the less polar yellow component, the main components are carotene and corn yellow quality, they have vitamin A activity.
Capsicum red pigment not only has bright color, high color price, strong tinting strength and good color retention effect, it is widely used in the coloring of various foods such as aquatic products, meat, cakes, salads, cans, beverages, etc. It has high safety, has nutritional and health care effects, and has been proven by modern science to have anti-cancer, anti-radiation and other functions, and has a good development prospect.
After reading the above article, do you have a new understanding of food safety, but there are many additives on the market to replace natural chili peppers. Regular consumption will have a certain impact on the body. You need to pay attention when you go out for food.
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